First Aid Advice

Diabetes

Diabetes is the name for a condition suffered by a person whose body does not produce enough of the hormone insulin. Insulin reduces the amount of sugar in the blood. If diabetes goes untreated, sugar levels will climb dangerously high.   Insulin Dependent Type 1 Produces little or no insulin Read more…

First Aid Advice

Epilepsy

Epilepsy is a tendency to have recurrent epileptic seizures. A seizure is caused by a sudden, temporary burst of excess electrical activity in the brain.   Recognition A seizure usually follows 4 stages. Aura, Tonic, Clonic and then Recovery. Aura: A sensation, taste or smell the casualty can sometimes experience Read more…

First Aid Advice

Poisons

A poison can be described as any substance (solid, liquid or gas) that causes damage when it enters the body in a sufficient quantity. A poison can be either corrosive, such as acids or bleach or non-corrosive such as tablets, drugs or alcohol. A poison can enter the body in Read more…

First Aid Advice

Asphyxia / Choking

Asphyxia is a condition of severely inadequate supply of oxygen to the body that arises from abnormal breathing. An example of asphyxia is choking.   Recognition Difficulty/Noisy breathing Rapid pulse High blood pressure Cyanosis (grey-blue tinge around lips) Deteriorating levels of consciousness   So what can I do about it? Read more…

First Aid Advice

Heart Attack

A heart attack is often caused when the surface of a cholesterol plaque in an artery ruptures and the contents leak. This leads to a formation of blood clot, which completely blocks the artery resulting in the death of an area of heart muscle.   Recognition Onset: suddenly, can occur Read more…

First Aid Advice

Stroke

There are two types of stroke: The most common type is caused by a blood clot, blocking a blood vessel supplying part of the brain. The other is caused by a vessel rupturing resulting in an area of the brain being squashed by the pressure of the blood, this is usually fatal Read more…

First Aid Advice

Head Injuries

Over the last few years, contact sports have become much more aware of the effects of Head Injuries as they can be life threatening!   Three conditions you need to be aware of when dealing with head injuries:   Concussion This is cause by ‘shaking’ of the brain. The brain Read more…