Shock

Shock is a lack of oxygen to the tissues of the body, usually caused by a fall in blood pressure or a major bleed. Recognition The body’s first response is a release of adrenaline, which will: Cause a rise in pulse rate Pale, clammy skin (for dark skinned casualties look at the colour of the skin inside the lips) As …

Imbalance of Heat

An imbalance of heat could be as little as 2 or 3 degrees above or below where it should be. Examples of this are; Hypothermia (Too cold) Heat Exhaustion (Mildly over heating) Heat Stroke (Far too hot) Infantile Convulsions (Children’s way of a ‘releasing excess heat)   The key thing for all of these conditions is to remove the cause. …

Fainting

Fainting is the body’s way of removing itself from the situation. Whether it be because it’s too hot, is overly scared or just had enough!   Recognition Temporary loss of consciousness Slow pulse Clammy, pale skin Could feel sick, have had blurry vision or even dizziness Very rapid recovery   So what can I do about it? Lay them down …

The Natural Drainage (Recovery) Position

The Recovery Position is known by many names, and can be carried out in different ways. The general idea of the Recovery Position is that the person is laying on their side, so that any fluids that could compromise the airway drain away. The Recovery Position is really easy to put someone into, and can be done by the smallest …

What is Unconsciousness?

Most think unconsciousness is something that is caused by a specific thing, for example hitting your head. In fact, it’s a lot easier to become unconscious than you’d think! The brain works with electricity and hormones. If there is an imbalance of these at any point, you may become unconscious. Think of it as the brains ‘flight’ response, with adrenaline …