Knife crime is still prevalent in today’s society, so knowing what to do if the situation occurs is always handy.
A major bleed can be caused by numerous things – internally and externally.
A hemorrhage is a term used to refer to a large amount of bleeding in a small amount of time.
There are three types of bleed;
|Recognition||Amount of Blood Loss|
|Capillary Bleed||Blood oozes from capillaries and is easily controlled. This is a common type of bleed.||Small|
|Venous Bleed||Blood from a vein flows steadily or gushes from the wound; this is easier to control than arterial bleeding. However, if the cut is deep, it could act in the same way.||Small to Large|
|Arterial Bleed||Blood gushes from the wound, and you could lose a lot of blood very quickly, leading this to be life threatening. This type of bleed takes precedence over anything else because if the person is still breathing but losing a lot of blood, they won’t be breathing for long. This is very difficult to control and will likely require a tourniquet.||Massive|
So we have identified the bleed – what do we do now?
Always start with the Primary Survey. However, there may be a slight difference this time…
– Is there a massive, hemorrhagic bleed, which will kill them within minutes, that you need to deal with first?
CPR (if required)
Dealing with a Massive (Haemorrhagic) Bleed
Sit or Lay the patient down
Examine the wound
Elevate the wound above the heart
Apply direct pressure – don’t be gentle!
If the direct pressure is not working, consider the use of a tourniquet
Call 999 as soon as possible
Want to know more? Attend a training course which covers this topic:
|QA Level 3 Award in First Aid at Work (QCF)|
|QA Level 2 Award in Emergency First Aid At Work (QCF)|
|QA Level 3 Award in Paediatric First Aid (QCF)|
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