There are two types of stroke:
- The most common type is caused by a blood clot, blocking a blood vessel supplying part of the brain.
- The other is caused by a vessel rupturing resulting in an area of the brain being squashed by the pressure of the blood, this is usually fatal within minutes.
A stroke can happen to any person of any age and is considered a medical emergency!
Carry out the F.A.S.T. test:
F – Facial Weakness: can the person smile? Has their mouth or eye dropped.
A – Arm Weakness: can the person raise both arms?
S – Speech Problems: can the person speak clearly and can you understand what they say?
T – Time to call 999: if they fail any part of this test, as Stroke is considered a medical emergency.
Other recognition features include; loss of balance, lack of coordination, sudden severe headache or sudden onset of confusion.
So what can I do about it?
- Call 999 immediately!
- Place an unconscious casualty in the recovery position.
- Lay the conscious casualty down, with head and shoulders raised.
- Provide reassurance to the casualty
- Monitor breathing and levels of response
Want to know more? Attend a training course which covers this topic:
|QA Level 3 Award in First Aid at Work (QCF)
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